Description 介绍

Writes an analog value (PWM wave) to a pin. Can be used to light a LED at varying brightnesses or drive a motor at various speeds. After a call to analogWrite(), the pin will generate a steady square wave of the specified duty cycle until the next call to analogWrite() (or a call to digitalRead() or digitalWrite() on the same pin). The frequency of the PWM signal is approximately 490 Hz.

将模拟值(PWM波)输出到管脚。可用于在不同的光线亮度调节发光二极管亮度或以不同的速度驱动马达。调用analogWrite()后,该引脚将产生一个指定占空比的稳定方波,直到下一次调用analogWrite()(或在同一引脚调用digitalRead()或digitalWrite())。 PWM的信号频率约为490赫兹。


On most Arduino boards (those with the ATmega168 or ATmega328), this function works on pins 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, and 11. On the Arduino Mega, it works on pins 2 through 13. Older Arduino boards with an ATmega8 only support analogWrite() on pins 9, 10, and 11. You do not need to call pinMode() to set the pin as an output before calling analogWrite().



The analogWrite function has nothing whatsoever to do with the analog pins or the analogRead function.



Syntax 语法

analogWrite(pin, value)


Parameters 参数

pin: the pin to write to.



value: the duty cycle: between 0 (always off) and 255 (always on).



Returns 返回值



Notes and Known Issues 备注和已知问题

The PWM outputs generated on pins 5 and 6 will have higher-than-expected duty cycles. This is because of interactions with the millis() and delay() functions, which share the same internal timer used to generate those PWM outputs. This will be noticed mostly on low duty-cycle settings (e.g 0 - 10) and may result in a value of 0 not fully turning off the output on pins 5 and 6.

引脚5和6的PWM输出将产生高于预期的占空比。这是因为millis()和delay()函数,它们共享同一个内部定时器用于产生PWM输出所产生的相互作用。这提醒我们引脚5和6在多数低占空比的设置(如0- 10)的情况下0数值的结果并没有完全关闭。


Example 例子

Sets the output to the LED proportional to the value read from the potentiometer.


int ledPin = 9;      // LED connected to digital pin 9
int analogPin = 3;   // potentiometer connected to analog pin 3
int val = 0;         // variable to store the read value
void setup()
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);   // sets the pin as output
void loop()
  val = analogRead(analogPin);   // read the input pin
  analogWrite(ledPin, val / 4);  // analogRead values go from 0 to 1023, analogWrite values from 0 to 255